Paris History: The Sun King - Louis XIV changed the face of Paris - He reorganized France and gave Paris masterpiece monuments/

Most of the famous monuments of Paris today were built after 1500 AC - Paris as capitale of France became one of the most important city in the world

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Paris History - The Sun King

This period was one of the most dynamic period for France with the reign Francois the first followed decades later by the one of King Louis XIV, the Sun King, from 1643 to 1715 who decided to move the royal residence from Paris to nearby Versailles. Many Paris monuments where build or begun during this 300 years : Les Invalides, The Pantheon, Madeleine Church, ...


Louis XIV : The Sun King

Louis XIV was born at the Royal chateau in Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1638. He was only five when he became king on the death of his father, Louis XIII. The regency, confided to his mother, Anne of Austria, was marked by a period of rebellion known as the Fronde (1648-1653), led first by the nobility and later by the urban commoners. The boy felt both humiliated by arrogant nobles and threatened by the people of Paris and would never forget it.
In 1660, Louis XIV married Maria Theresa, Infanta of Spain. The following year, on the death of his godfather and prime minister, Cardinal Mazarin, the 23-year-old monarch announced that he himself would govern.
The first twenty years of the king's personal reign were the most brilliant. With his minister Colbert, he carried out the administrative and financial reorganization of the kingdom, as well as the development of trade and manufacturing. With the Marquis de Louvois, he reformed the army and racked up military victories. Finally, Louis encouraged an extraordinary blossoming of culture: theatre (Molière and Racine), music (Lully), architecture, painting, sculpture, and all the sciences (founding of the royal academies). These accomplishments would be depicted on the ceiling of the Hall of Mirrors. See Pictures of Versailles Castle

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Versailles Castle and the Sun King

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